Relative Clause Examples

Relative clauses – defining relative clauses

Relative clauses add extra information to a sentence by defining a noun. They are usually divided into two types – defining relative clauses and non-defining relative clauses.Defining relative clauses


Look at this sentence:

- The woman who lives next door works in a bank. 

‘who lives next door’ is a defining relative clause. It tells us which woman we are talking about.


Look at some more examples:

- Look out! There’s the dog that bit my brother.

- The film that we saw last week was awful.

- This is the skirt I bought in the sales.


Can you identify the defining relative clauses? They tell us which dog, which film and which skirt we are talking about.Relative pronouns

Relative clauses are often introduced by a relative pronoun (usually who,which, that, but when, where and whose are also possible)


With defining relative clauses we can use who or that to talk about people.

- She’s the woman who cuts my hair.

- She’s the woman that cuts my hair. 


And we can use that or which to talk about things.

- The dog that bit my brother.

- The dog which bit my brother. 


It is also sometimes possible to omit the relative pronoun.

- This is the skirt that I bought in the sales.

- This is the skirt which I bought in the sales.

- This is the skirt I bought in the sales.

 

In this sentence ‘skirt’ is the object of the verb (buy). ‘I’ is the subject. When the relative pronoun is the object, it can be omitted.

- The film we saw last week was awful.

- BUT The dog bit my brother. This is not possible because the dog is the subject of the verb, ‘bite’. 

Tugas Bhs Inggris Bisnis 2 Bulan Ke 4 Relative Clauses

Exercise 37. Relative Clauses
     1. The last record which produced by this company became a gold record.
     2. Checking accounts that require a minimum balance are very common now.
     3. The professor whose you spoke yesterday is not here today.
     4. John whose grades are the highest in the school, has received a scholarship.
     5. Felipe bought a camera that has three lenses.
     6. Frank are who were nominated for the office of treasurer.
     7. The doctor is with a patient whose leg was broken in an accident.
     8. Jane is the woman who is going to China next year.
     9. Janet wants a typewriter whose self-corrects.
   10. This book that I found last week, contains some useful information.
   11. Mr. Bryant whose team has lost the game, looks very sad.
   12. James wrote an article whose indicated that he diskiled the president.
  13. The director of the program whose graduated from Harvard University, is planning to retire next year.
   14. This is the book that I have been looking for all year.
   15. William whose brother is a lawyer, wants to become a judge.

Exercise 38. Relative Clause Reduction
    1. George is the man chosen to represent the committee at the convention.
    2. All of the money accepted has already been released.
    3. The papers on the table belong to Patricia.
    4. The man brought to the police station confessed to the crime.
    5. The girl drinking coffe, is Mary Allen.
    6. John’s wife, a professor, has written several papers on this subject.
    7. The man talking to the policeman, is my uncle.
    8. The book on the top shelf, is the one that I need.
    9. The number of students have been counted is quite high.
  10. Leo Evans, a doctor, eats in this restaurant every day.


Tugas Bhs. Inggris Bisnis 2 Bulan ke - 3 Causative Verbs ( Hal. 135 )

Exercise 36 : Causative Verbs ( Hal. 135 )

         1.     The teacher made Juan leave the room.
         2.     Toshiko had her car repaired by a mechanic.
         3.     Ellen got Marvin to type her paper.
         4.     I made Jane call her  friend on the telephone.
         5.     We got our house to paint last week.
         6.     Dr. Byrd is having the students write a composition.
         7.     The policeman made the suspect lie on the ground.
         8.     Mark got his transcripts to send to the university.
         9.     Maria is getting her hair to cut tomorrow.
        10.   We will have to get the Dean sign this form.
        11.  The teacher let Al leave the classroom.
        12.   Maria got Ed to wash the pipettes.
        13. She always has her car fixed by the same mechanic.
        14.  Gene got his book published by a subsidy publisher.
   15.  We have to help Janet to find her keys.

Tugas BHS. inggris Bisnis 2 Bulan ke - 2 (Conjunction and Exercise 33 - 34)

Definition conjunction

Conjunction is a word or group of words that serves to connect two words, phrases (phrases), clause (clause), or paragraph (paragraph). This word is one of the eight parts of speech.


Various Kinds of conjunction
The conjunction kinds are as below.
 

- Coordinate Conjunction
- Correlative Conjunction
- Subordinate Conjunction 
- Adverbial Conjunction / Conjunctive Adverb / Connecting Adverb 
 
Exercise 33 : Because / Because of

1. It was difficult to deliver the letter because the sender had written the wrong address on  the envelope.
2.We decided to leave early because the party was boring.
3. Rescue attempts were temporarily halted because of  the bad weather.
4. They visited their friends often because they enjoyed their company.
5. Paul cannot go to the football game because of  his grades.
6. Marcella was awarded a scholarship because of her superior scholastic ability.
7. Nobody ventured outdoors because of the hurricane warnings.
8. We plan to spend our vacation in the mountains because the air is purer there.
9. We have to drive around the bay because the bridge was destroyed in the storm.
10. The chickens have died because of the intense heat.

Exercise 34 : So / Such

1. The sun shone so brightly that Maria had to put on her sunglasses.
2. Dean was such a powerful swimmer that he always won the races
3. There were such few students registered that the class was cancelled .
4. We had such wonderful memories of that place that we decided to return.
5. We had so good a time at the party that we hated to leave.
6. The benefit was so great a success that the promoters decided to repeat it.
7.  It was such a nice day that we decided to go to the beach.
8. Jane looked so sick that the  nurse told her to go home.
9. Those were so difficult assignments that we spent two weeks finishing them.
10. Ray called such an early hour that we weren’t awake yet.
11. The book looked so interesting that he decided to read it.
12. He worked so carefully that it took him a long time to complete the project.
13. We stayed in the sun for such a long time that we became sunburned.
14. There were so many people on the bus that we decided to walk.
15. The program was such entertaining that nobody wanted  to miss it.

Exercise 1 - Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2

Exercise 21
Conditional Sentence

1. Henry talks to his dog as if it was understood  him.
2. If they had left the house earlier, they wouldn’t be so late getting to the airport that they could not check their baggage.
3. If I finish the dress before Saturday, I will give it to my sister for her birthday.
4. If I had seen the movie. I would tell you about it last night
5. Had Bob not interfered in his sister’s marital problems, there would be peace between them.
6. He would give you the money if he had it.   
7. I wish they stopped making so much noise so that I could concentrate. 
8. She would call you immediately if she needed help.
9. Had they arrived at the sale early, they would have found a better selection.
10. We hope that you  enjoyed the party last night.
11. If  you have enough time, please paint the chair before you leave.
12. We could go for a drive if today were Saturday.
13. If she wins the prize, it will be because she writes very well
14. Mike wished that the editors could have permitted  him to copy some of their material.
15. Joel wishes that he could spend  his vacation on the Gulf Coast next year.
16. will accept if they invite me to the party.
17. If your mother buys  that car for you, will you be happy ?
18. If he decided earlier,he could have left on the afternoon flight.
19. Had we known your address, we would have written you a letter.
20. If the roofer doesn’t come soon, the rain will leak inside.
21. Because Rose did so poorly on the exam, she wishes that she had studied  harder last night.
22. My dog always wake me up if he hears strange noises.
23. If you see Mary today, please ask her to call me.
24. If he gets the raise, it will be because he does a good job.
25. The teacher will not accept our work if we turn it in late.
26. Mrs. Wood always talk to her tenth-grade students as though they  were adults.
27. If he had left already, he would have called us.
28. If they had known him, they  would have talked to him.    
29. He would understand it if you explained  it to him more slowly.
30. I could understand the French teacher if she spoke more slowly.
Exercise 26
Adjectives and Adverbs
1. Rita plays the violin well.
2. That is an intense novel.
3. The sun is shining brightly.
4. The girls speak fluent French.
5. The boys speak Spanish fluently.
6. The table has a smooth surface
7. We must figure our income tax returns accurately.
8. We don’t like to drinbitter tea.
9. The plane will arrive soon.
10. He had an accident because he was driving too fast.
1. Henry talks to his dog as if it was understood him. 2. If they had left the house earlier, they wouldn’t be so late getting to the airport that they could not check their baggage. 3. If I finish the dress before Saturday, I will give it to my sister for her birthday. 4. If I had seen the movie. I would tell you about it last night 5. Had Bob not interfered in his sister’s marital problems, there would be peace between them. 6. He would give you the money if he had it. 7. I wish they stopped making so much noise so that I could concentrate. 8. She would call you immediately if she needed help. 9. Had they arrived at the sale early, they would have found a better selection. 10. We hope that you enjoyed the party last night. 11. If you have enough time, please paint the chair before you leave. 12. We could go for a drive if today were Saturday. 13. If she wins the prize, it will be because she writes very well 14. Mike wished that the editors could have permitted him to copy some of their
Exercise 27  
Linking ( Copulative ) Verbs
1. Your cold sounds terrible.
2. The pianist plays very well.
3. The food in the restaurant always tastes good.
4. The campers remained calmly despite the thunderstorm.
5. They became sick after eating the contaminated food.
6. Professor Calandra looked quickly at the students sketches.
7. Paco was working diligently on the project.
8. Paul protested vehemently about the new proposals.
9. Our neighbors appeared relaxedly after their vacation.
10. The music sounded too noisy to be classical.
1. Henry talks to his dog as if it was understood him. 2. If they had left the house earlier, they wouldn’t be so late getting to the airport that they could not check their baggage. 3. If I finish the dress before Saturday, I will give it to my sister for her birthday. 4. If I had seen the movie. I would tell you about it last night 5. Had Bob not interfered in his sister’s marital problems, there would be peace between them. 6. He would give you the money if he had it. 7. I wish they stopped making so much noise so that I could concentrate. 8. She would call you immediately if she needed help. 9. Had they arrived at the sale early, they would have found a better selection. 10. We hope that you enjoyed the party last night. 11. If you have enough time, please paint the chair before you leave. 12. We could go for a drive if today were Saturday. 13. If she wins the prize, it will be because she writes very well 14. Mike wished that the editors could have permitted him to copy some of their
Exercise 28 
Comparisons 
1. John and his friends left as soon as the professor had finished his lecture.
2. His job is more important than his friend’s.
3. He plays the guitar the same well as Andres Segovia.
4. A new house is much more expensive than an older one.
5. Last week was the same hot as this week.
6. Martha is more talented than her cousin.
7. Bill’s descriptions are more colorful than his wife’s.
8. Nobody is more happy than Maria Elena.
9. The boys left less bad than the girls about losing the game.
10. A greyhound runs faster fast than a Chihuahua.
1. Henry talks to his dog as if it was understood him. 2. If they had left the house earlier, they wouldn’t be so late getting to the airport that they could not check their baggage. 3. If I finish the dress before Saturday, I will give it to my sister for her birthday. 4. If I had seen the movie. I would tell you about it last night 5. Had Bob not interfered in his sister’s marital problems, there would be peace between them. 6. He would give you the money if he had it. 7. I wish they stopped making so much noise so that I could concentrate. 8. She would call you immediately if she needed help. 9. Had they arrived at the sale early, they would have found a better selection. 10. We hope that you enjoyed the party last night. 11. If you have enough time, please paint the chair before you leave. 12. We could go for a drive if today were Saturday. 13. If she wins the prize, it will be because she writes very well 14. Mike wished that the editors could have permitted him to copy some of their
Exercise 29 
Comparisons 

1. The Empire State Building is taller than the Statue of Liberty.
2. California is farther from New York as Pennsylvania.
3. His assignment is different from mine.
4. Louie reads more quickly than his sisters.
5. No animal is so big than King Kong.
6. That report is less impressive than the government’s.
7. Sam wears the same shirt as his teammates.
8. Dave paints much more realistically than his professor.  
9. The twins have less money at the end of the month than they have at the beginning.
10. Her sports car is different than Nancy’s.
1. Henry talks to his dog as if it was understood him. 2. If they had left the house earlier, they wouldn’t be so late getting to the airport that they could not check their baggage. 3. If I finish the dress before Saturday, I will give it to my sister for her birthday. 4. If I had seen the movie. I would tell you about it last night 5. Had Bob not interfered in his sister’s marital problems, there would be peace between them. 6. He would give you the money if he had it. 7. I wish they stopped making so much noise so that I could concentrate. 8. She would call you immediately if she needed help. 9. Had they arrived at the sale early, they would have found a better selection. 10. We hope that you enjoyed the party last night. 11. If you have enough time, please paint the chair before you leave. 12. We could go for a drive if today were Saturday. 13. If she wins the prize, it will be because she writes very well 14. Mike wished that the editors could have permitted him to copy some of their
Exercise 30 
Comparisons     
1. Of the four dresses, I like the red one best.
2. Phil is the happier person that we know.
3. Pat’s car is faster than Dan’s.
4. This is the creamier ice cream I have had in a long time.
5. This poster is  more colorful than the one in the hall.
6. Does Fred fell better today than he did yesterday ?
7. This vegetable soup tastes very good.
8. While trying to balance the baskets on her head, the woman walked more awkwardly than her daughter.
9. Jane is the least athletic of all the women.
10. My cat is the prettiest of the two.  
11. This summary is the best of the pair.
12. Your heritage is different than mine.
13. This painting is less impressive  than the one in the other gallery.
14. The colder the weather  gets, the sicker I feel.
15. No sooner had he received the letter when  he called Maria.
16. A mink coat costs twice as much as a sable coat.
17. Jim has as few opportunities to play tennis as I.
18. That recipe calls for many more sugar than mine does.
19. The museum is the farthest away of the three buildings.
20. George Washington is  more famous than John Jay.
1. Henry talks to his dog as if it was understood him. 2. If they had left the house earlier, they wouldn’t be so late getting to the airport that they could not check their baggage. 3. If I finish the dress before Saturday, I will give it to my sister for her birthday. 4. If I had seen the movie. I would tell you about it last night 5. Had Bob not interfered in his sister’s marital problems, there would be peace between them. 6. He would give you the money if he had it. 7. I wish they stopped making so much noise so that I could concentrate. 8. She would call you immediately if she needed help. 9. Had they arrived at the sale early, they would have found a better selection. 10. We hope that you enjoyed the party last night. 11. If you have enough time, please paint the chair before you leave. 12. We could go for a drive if today were Saturday. 13. If she wins the prize, it will be because she writes very well 14. Mike wished that the editors could have permitted him to copy some of their